Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

The New Gold Standard for Aortic Valve Replacement in Elderly Patients

What is Aortic Stenosis?

Due to the thickening of the valve leaflets; valve opening is impaired leading to decreased blood flow across the aortic valve. This imposes a greater workload on the heart leading to the symptoms of aortic stenosis.

Diagnosis:

Aortic stenosis is diagnosed in patients who present with one of the following symptoms like dyspnea (difficulty in breathing), angina (chest pain) or syncope (fainting episode).

When such patients are evaluated there may be clinical signs like a heart murmur on clinical examination.

The final definitive diagnosis is made on echocardiography – it reveals the degree of aortic valve narrowing and helps in decision making regarding management.

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